The Platinum Group USA    Bahrain

The Kingdom of Bahrain

Land and People

The islands are flat and sandy, with a few low hills. The climate is hot and humid during the summer, mild and pleasant in the winter. The largely urban population is about 63% Bahraini; the balance of the people consist of other Arabs and Iranians, Indians, and other Asians. Islam is overwhelmingly the religion of Bahrain, with 75% Shiite and 25% Sunni Muslims. Languages spoken other than Arabic (the official language) include English, Farsi, and Urdu. Bahrain has two universities.

His Majesty
Sheikh Hamad Bin Isa Al Khalifa


Bahrain is a constitutional monarchy. The executive branch consists of the king, who is head of state, and an appointed prime minister and cabinet. The national legislature is the National Assembly, consisting of the 40-member Consultative Council and the 40-member Chamber of Deputies. Members serve for a four-year term. Administratively, the country is divided into five municipalities.


Bahrain was once a chief center of pearling, but the industry declined in the 20th century. Oil was found in 1931, and oil revenues have financed extensive modernization projects, particularly in health and education. Oil and petroleum products account for about 60% of Bahrain's exports. However, Bahrain is expected to be the first Persian Gulf nation to run dry of oil, and steps have been taken to diversify the nonagricultural sector of the economy. Ship-repair, aluminum-smelting, and banking and financial-services industries have been established, as have oil refineries that largely process Saudi crude. Bahrain is home to numerous multinational firms, and the government actively encourages foreign investment. The U.S. navy's 5th Fleet, which patrols the Persian Gulf, is based in Bahrain. There is some fishing, and dates, fruits, and vegetables are grown, but the majority of Bahrain's food is imported.


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